09 fevereiro 2008
fácil rápido e indolor, nada mais se pode desejar.
Portanto, no ano da graça de 2008, o Estado de Nebraska abandonou definitivamente a execução através de cadeira eléctrica, esse método tecnologicamente inovador depois do enforcamento e que atravessou todo o século vinte(desde 1890).
Surpreendentemente, o Supremo Tribunal entendeu, um século depois, que a electrocussão, que infringe uma dor intensa e um sofrimento agonizante podendo necessitar de várias descargas de 20000 volts até provocar as lesões suficientemente graves para desencadear a morte enquanto a pele e carne em contacto com os eléctrodo queimam e vão soltando fumo, dizia, um século depois, o Supremo do Nebraska entendeu que o método tinha o seu quê de inconstitucional pela crueldade. Assim, o tribunal de nove membros, declarou que uma sociedade civilizada, assim mesmo, não castigará com crueldade decidindo que a partir de agora os condenados serão mortos com injecção letal.
Nada como viver numa uma sociedade civilizada, de facto. E generosa. Embora eu, particularmente, seja mais adepta da decapitação, por motivos que já expus.
Adenda Wikipedia :
The use of the electric chair has declined as legislators sought what they believed to be more humane methods of execution. Lethal injection became the most popular method, helped by newspaper accounts of botched electrocutions in the early 1980s.
As of 2008, the only places in the world which still reserve the electric chair as an option for execution are the U.S. states of Alabama, Florida, South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. (Oklahoma and Illinois laws provide for its use should lethal injection ever be held to be unconstitutional.) Inmates in the other states must select it or lethal injection. In the state of Florida, on July 8, 1999, Allen Lee Davis convicted of murder was executed in the Florida electric chair "Old Sparky". Davis' face was bloodied and photographs taken, which were later posted on the internet. The 1997 execution of Pedro Medina created controversy when flames burst from the inmate's head. Lethal injection is now, as of 2008, the primary method of execution in the state of Florida. On February 8, 2008, the Nebraska Supreme Court declared execution by electrocution to be "cruel and unusual punishment" prohibited by the Nebraska Constitution. 
The electric chair has also been criticized because of several instances in which the subjects were not instantly killed, but had to be subjected to multiple electric shocks. This led to a call for ending of the practice because many see it as cruel and unusual punishment . Trying to address such concerns, Nebraska introduced a new electrocution protocol in 2004, which called for administration of a 15-second-long jolt of 2,450 volts of electricity; after a 15-minute wait, an official then checks for signs of life. New concerns raised regarding the 2004 protocol resulted, in April 2007, in the ushering in of the current Nebraska protocol, calling for a 20-second-long jolt of 2,450 volts of electricity. (Prior to the 2004 protocol change, an initial eight-second jolt of 2,450 volts was administered, followed by a one-second pause, then a 22-second jolt at 480 volts. After a 20-second break, the cycle was repeated three more times.)
In 1996, Georgia state legislator Doug Teper proposed the guillotine as a replacement for the electric chair as the state's method of execution to enable convicts to act as organ donors. The proposal was not adopted.